The Mormons were people who went to Latter-Day Saints church in New York. Joseph Smith created the church in 1830. People of New York did not like the rules Joseph Smith had, so they made him leave. Joseph Smith and the Mormons then went to Ohio, then they traveled to Missouri from there, they traveled to Illinois. In the 1840's near the Mississippi River in Illinois there they created a neighborhood and with the name of Nauvoo. Then they went to Utah.
In 1848 James Marshall was a working on making a sawmill for John Sutter, while digging out a trench he found gold it was near the American River in Sacramento, California. Word got around all over the Earth that there was gold at Sutter's Mill. A minimum 80,000 people traveled to California to look for gold these people were called forty-niners.
In the beginning the gold was very simple to discover, but after a while the gold got more difficult to discover that is when people started to pan for gold. Since more people have been going to California for gold there was more illegale things happening so the government had to decide if California should be a state.
A man panning for gold
Many different cultures moved to California looking for gold, even some runaway slaves. Many Indians were forced to move and many passed away.
Indians Population Year
100,000 17,000 1850 1870