Personality is a result of UNCONSCIOUS psychological CONFLICTS and how effectively these are resolved by the individual. These conflicts have their origins in childhood experiences during which an individual's instinctive urges and society's view of what is 'acceptable' behaviour often clash
FIRST PSYCHODYNAMIC THEORY DEVELOPED BY SIGMUND FREUD
The name's Sig
ACCORDING TO FREUD
IS MUCH LIKE AN
THE MIND IS ORGANISED IN 3 LEVELS
what you are thinking, feeling, sensing, remembering and aware of RIGHT NOW
Information at the back of your mind... what do you have for lunch? What happened on your way to school this morning? Did you do your homework?
Thoughts unnaceptable to our conscious mind - secrets - embarassing memories - things you'd rather not think about
I need ur help
Sig: wot now
Can u pls explain the 3 parts of personality?? :)
Sig: an individuals personality is fully formed by 5 or 6 years of age. There are 3 basic parts which conflict and their resolve determines our personality.
Sig: The ID, EGO and SUPEREGO act cooperatively to make up our personality but are in conflict most of the time within us.
The ID represents the innate, biological needs which help us survive, they include hunger, sleep, thirst and sex. It is a force in our brains and represents the selfish, demanding and impulsive part of our brains. It seeks immediate satisfaction.
Me: In the same way a new born baby cries when they want something!
Sig: The Ego is a part of our personality which is realistic and logical. It helps control the ID impulses until they can be satisfied in a socially acceptable way. Imagine if we all expressed our impulses whenever we felt like it..
Sig: The Superego, lastly is our conscience, judging our every move accordig to the society we live in. The superego is responsible for our feelings of guilt and our sense of pride and aims for 'perfection'. It blocks the urges of the ID and persuades the ego to be moralistic
Me: Thanks heaps Sig, I owe you one
Sig: a pack of cigarettes will do ;)
When conflict within our ID, ego and superego is unresolved, it results in ANXIETY. Anxiety is the fear that our instincts will make us do something we will be punshied for (guilt) Our defence mechanism is the UNCONSCIOUS process where the ego tries to resolve internal conflict. Defence mechanisms reduce anxiety by denying, falsifying and distorting reality unconsciously, this is our brains way of protecting itself. Excessive use of these mechanisms is considered abormal.
DEFENCE MECHANISMS INCLUDE
- Birth- 2 years - Pleasure for infant comes through biting, chweing, sucking -Oral fixation if the experience of being fed was too frustrating or too pleasurable -Fixation = gullibility, passivity, need for attention, dependence on others and a need to be looked after and cared for
-From 2-3 years - Focus of pleasure related to the anus when passing stools - Anal fixation results from harsh toilet training or if passing stools is excessively pleasurable - Personality traits include: -anal-retentive (holding it in)- clean, orderly, stubborn, stingy -anal-expulsive (letting it go)- untidiness, impulsivity, destructiveness, cruelty
- Four to five years - Child's attention focused on sex organs - Child develops unconscious attraction to parent of the opposite sex - Child considers parent of same sex rival - Individuals who are able to resolve these conflicts can control envy and hostility towards same sex parent and experience 'normal' psychosexual development - Those who can not, develop long lasting psychological problems
- From six- puberty - Psychosexual development is dormant - Focuses on developing relationships with others of the same sex and developing social skills
- Begins at puberty - early adulthood - Sexual energies are focused on genitals - Growing need for mature and sexual relationships with others
Bombay Bicycle Club
Lights out words gone
Psychology for the VCE student, 5th edition Units 1 and 2 John Grivas Linda Carter
that is all