Japan Music, Art, and Literature
Part One: Japan Music
~ Japan was a distinctive culture. ~ The imperial state used Chinese language and imported culture in many of its entertainments and ceremonies.
~ The current repertory of Gagaku , are other native forms of song like Saibara and Roei and there is also the popular song form called Imayo. ~ Classical music was brought to Japan from the West.
~ Japanese people are known as being great guardians of tradition. ~ Japanese music refered to a style of playing music. ~ In traditional music, the Biwa, the Koto, the Shakuhachi, and the Shamisen is used for instrumental music.
~ The Biwa is a lute and before known as Arabic Ud, and similar to the lute in India. ~ The Biwa has a pear-shaped body, with four or five strings and four or more wooden frets. ~ In Gagaku music, the gaku-biwa was used.
~ The Koto have been played by well-educated girls. ~ The koto is a table zither, approximately 2 meters long and it was one instrument made by the Chinese. ~The shakuhachi, an end-blown flute, came from China with Gagaku music. ~ It had 6 holes and it was a thin and long flute, similarly to the Chinese xiao.