In this Unit we will cover: Africa and its contribute to the Slave Trade (Triangle)
Unit 1 - Europeans
Before the 16th century Europe was not deeply invovled in the Slave Trade. Portugese leaders used African slaves to work in gold mines and sugar plantations. African leaders forged relationships with English leaders and the English often made voyages just to get iron, dyewoods and gold, precious metals as such.
Unit 2 - Guns
Slaves for guns
West african rulers were instrumental in the Slave Trade. They exchanged their prisoners of war for firearms manufactured in Birmingham. They traded people for guns because they wanted to make their territories larger. For example, in 1650, in Dahomey, a small coastal city made its boundary into the interior of Africa.
Unit 3 -Kidnapped and Imprisoned
Europeans lacked the local knowledge to be able to negotiate the perils of the African interior, so they used middlemen for this task, according to Olaudah Equiano, who had himself been captured in this way. European slaving ships waited at coastal ports to pick up their cargoes of slaves. Middlemen would attack African fields. The captured Africans were held in forts, sometimes called 'slave castles', along the coast.
Kidnapped and Imprisoned
They remained there for months until finally leaving their homeland for an unknown destination on board European merchant ships, including those of the British Royal African Company. Ships constructed in Britain carried the Africans to the West Indies. This human cargo of slaves was chained at the wrists and legs with irons, and stowed in the lower decks of the ships, like any other commodity. The slave trade developed into a complicated system that included many different groups.
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