Changes to India
- Used a centralized government that brought together many smaller kingdoms. - Delegated government with respect for human rights. - Persian language mixed with Arabic and Hindi, which was Urdu. - Persian art and culture - Periods of religious tolerance - System of education taking account of pupils needs and culture.
- Consolidated Islam in South Asia and spread Muslim arts and culture as well as the faith. - The Mughals were Mulims who ruled a country with a large Hindu majority. - For much of empire, Hindus allowed to reach senior government or military positions.
- Muslims were in India long before the Mughals, first arrived in 8th century. - In the first half of the 10th century a Muslim ruler of Afghanistan invaded the Punjab eleven times. Even though there was no political success, he took a large amount of loot. - Another invasion at the end of the 12th century led to the formation of the Delhi Sultanate. - Later Muslim invasion in 1348 devasted the city of Delhi. - Among first Western military leaders to use guns.
Abu Akbar was the third Emperor of the Mughal Empire. Akbar succeeded to the throne at the age of 13, recapturing remaining territory lost from Babur's empire. When he died in 1605 he ruled over most of north, central, and western India. He strived to win over Hindu leaders, possibily with political reasoning. Akbar believed all religions should be tolerated, and that everyone deserved to be treated equally, no matter what they believe. Hindus were able to have positions of responsibility and they had also ended a tax on non-Muslims.