Industrial Revolution Wideo
Stephanie Rosales Period 5
Eli was an inventor best known for inventing the cotton gin. He lived from December 8, 1765 to January 8, 1825. Whitney's invention made upland short cotton into a profitable crop, which strengthened the economic foundation of slavery in the United States, regardless of whether Whitney intended that or not.
Marx was a German philosopher, economist, sociologist, historian, journalist, and revolutionary sociologist. He was alive from May 5, 1818 to March 14, 1883. He published a book that became popular in the year of 1848.
Thomas was a British cleric and scholar, influental in the fields of political economy and demography. Thomas lived from February 13, 1766 to December 23, 1834. Malthus himself used only his middle name, Robert.
Henry was an English engineer, inventor, and a business man. He lived from January 19, 1813 toMarch 15, 1833. Bessemer's name is chiefly known in connection with the Bessemer process for the manufacture of steel.
Thomas was an American inventor and business man. He lived from February 11, 1847 to October 18, 1931. He developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world, including the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and a long-lasting practical electrical light bulb.
Charles was an English naturalist and geologist, best known for his contributions to evolutionary theory. He lived from February 12, 1809 to April 19, 1882. He established that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestors, and in a joint publication with Alfred Russel Wallace.
The Spinning Jenny is a multi-spindle spinning frame. It was invented in 1746 by James Hargreaves in Stanhill, Oswaldtisle, Lancashire in England. This reduced the amount of work needed to produce yarn, with a worker able to work eight or more spools at once.
A steam engine is a heat engine that performs mechanical work using steam as its working fluid. Steam engines became very useful in the late 1700s. In 1781, James Watt patened a steam engine that produced continous rotative motion.
A steam boat, sometimes called a steamer, is a ship in which the primary method of propulsion is steam power, tipically driving propellers or paddlewheels. The tearm staem-boat is usually used to refer to smaller steam-powered boats working on lakes and rivers, parficularly riverboats.
A cotton-gin is a machine that quickly and easily separates cotton fibers from their seeds, allowing for much greater productivity than manual cotton separation . The fibers are processed into clothing or other cotton goods, and any undamaged seeds may be used to grow more cotton or to produce cotton-seed oil and meal. This machine was invented in the 19th century.
A power loom is a mechanised loom powered by a line shaft. The first power loom was designed in 1785. It was refined over the next 47 years until a design by Kenworthy and Bullough made the operation completely automatic.
In English social and economic history, enclosure is the process which ends traditional rights such as moving meadows for hay, or grazing livestock on common land formerly held in the open field system. Once enclosed, these uses of the land become restricted to the owner, and it ceaces to be land for commons. The process of enclosure began to be a widespread feature of the English agricultural landscapeduring the 16th century.
Urbanization in the 1800s
Urbanization refers to the increasing amount of people that live in Urban areas. It predominantly results in the physical growth of Urban areas, be it horizontal or vertical. The Unites Nations projected that half of the world's population would live in Urban areas at the end of 2008. By 2050 it is predicted that 64.1% and 85.9% of the developing and develpoed world respectively will be Urbanized.