North & South
By Lucas Ng
Geography in the North
The North was filled with hills, mountains, and harbors on the Eastern Seaboard. The terrain made farming hard and peopel turned to other business. Further in however, there were vast flat plains where farming was at its best.
Geography in the South
The geography in the South greatly impacted people's lives. The South filled with coastal plains, lowlands, and wide rivers. This made farming rice, cotton, tobacco, and sugarcane efficent and worthwhile. The rivers helped transport the goods to other countries and therefore, most cities were built by these rivers including the Mississippi River.
The North wasn't very suited to farming so they started building factories instead of trying to farm on the rock landscape. This eventually led up to the Civil War which was fought because many Northerners wanted to abolish slavery and the South didn't because their geography made slaves an important part in their life. Geography also played a part in how goods were transported in the North and South because the North didn't have rivers like the South did and so depended on railroads to transport goods. The South however, were able to use barges ships because they had a lot of big rivers like the Mississippi where they could just set sail with their goods to trade.The South was all about farmingbecause of its hot climate and it was especially suited to cotton because of the temperature so many plantation owners owned slaves to work on the large fields.
Economy in the North
The North's rocky landscape wasn't suited to farming, so people turned to machines and factories. This helped start the Industrial Revolution in the US. The new machines and factories turned business away from skilled workers to laborers who knew how to operate a machine. Manufacturing in the North rose to the sky after the Revolution and helped the Northern economy grow.
Economy in the South
The South's economy was entirely different as it was based on farming and factories were almost nonexistent. Since the South's climate was hot and temperate, it was perfect for growing crops such as cotton and tobacco. This meant that many plantation owners kept slaves to work on the arcres of land. However, the South wouldn't grow cotton profitably until the invention of the cotton gin.
Since, the North relied heavily on factories, they would've had to depend on the Midwest or other countries for crops and the South had to depend on the North for any machine made goods. The South's economy depended on slaves to farm cotton so they kept a lot of them which eventually sparked the Civil War.