Geography in the North
1. The New England coast had a lot of bays and inlets that could be used as harbors.
2. New England's hills were covered with thick forests that could be used for the timber industry.
3. The Central Plains had soil that was perfect for agriculture.
This bay looks like a great place for a harbor!
Yeah! This place will become a busy seaport in no time!
Geography in the South
1. The South had mild winters and long, hot, and humid summers.
2. There was a lot of damp lowlands that were perfect for growing sugarcane and rice.
3. The broad, flat rivers were great for business and transporting goods.
Economy in the North
1. Francis Cabot Lowell helped to popularize the textile industry by using British machines and building textile factories.
2. New machines and manufacturing methods made many goods cheaper and more plentiful.
3. The Industrial Revolution also helped the agricultural industry by increasing the rate in which goods could be produced.
Economy in the South
1. Although most farmers owned small farms, plantation owners used slave labor to harvest crops.
2. Eli Whitney made cotton the South's most valuable cash crop by inventing the cotton gin, a machine that made it much easier to harvest cotton.
3. Since cotton wore out the land, Southerners moved west to find and use more fresh and fertile soil.
Hurry up! Faster! Faster!