North vs South
Transportation in the North
In the early 100's many American roads were rutted boneshakers. The factory owners in the North needed inexpensive, fast ways to deliver their goods. In 1806, congress funded the construction of a National Highway across the Appalachian Mountains. Steam engine powered boats were built so traveling upriver would be easier. Inventors were inspired by the success of steamboats and created steampowered locomotives.
Transportation in the South
In the south people and goods moved by river because the slow current and broad channels of Southern rivers made water easy and cheap. On plantation docks slaves loaded cotton bales directly onto steam-powered boats then traveled hundreds of miles to port cities like Savannah, Georgia or Mobile Alabama. West of the Appalachians cooton traveled down the largest Southern waterway, the Mississippi River. Most southern cities sprung up near