These Treaties came in two waves— Numbers 1 through 7 from 1871-1877, and Numbers 9 through 11 from 1899-1921.
In the first wave, the treaties were key in advancing European Settlement across the prairie region as well as the deleopment of the Canadian Pacific Railway.
In the second wave, resource extraction was the main motive for government officials.
The Indian Act
The Indian Act was first passed in 1876, was one tool the government used to encourage assimilation.
One way the act controlled First Nations people was by defining who was-- and was not-- a status Indian.
What is a Status Indian?
Is a First Nations Person who is registered according to the provisions of the Indian Act and is therefore eligible to recieve specific benefits.