In this Unit we will cover Canadian Government Power Structure
Canada falls under a Federation/Federal style of government.
A form of government in which power is formally divided - usually by means of a constitution - between a central authority and a number of constituent regions (states, colonies, or provinces) so that each region retains some management of its internal affairs.
Type of Government??
Branches of Government:
The Executive Branch
The head of the Executive Branch is the Sovereign, who is currently the Queen of England. The Queen appoints a Governor General who acts on her behalf. The Sovereign and Governor are bound by a constitution whereby his/her rights, duties, and responsibilities are spelled out in written law. They cannot make laws by themselves. Elections must take place.
Voters vote ONLY for members of the Legislative Branch also known as Parliament. Parliament is then entrusted to create laws with cooperation from the Executive Branch.
Laws are Created When:
Either the Prime Minister or Parliament propose
a new law. The Parliament will then vote
on whether the new law should pass.
If the Prime Minister and the Parliament agree,
the Governor General signs the new law.
Canadian political power is shared between the three branches: Executive, Legislative, and Judicial Branches. Voters ONLY vote for the Legislative Branch.