we are going to talk about:
Deductive arguments - Conditional statements. -Antecedent. -Consequent. Types of fallacies Inductive arguments
Antecedent: First part of a conditional Consequent: Second part of a conditional
Valid argument impossible antecedent to be true and consequence to be false
Conditional statement two statements conected with if-then
Types of fallacies
If P, then Q; P, therefore, Q
If P, then Q; not-Q, therefore, not-P
If P, then Q; If Q, then R. Therefore, if P, then R.
Reductio ad absurdum
If A, then B; If B, then C; If C,then not-A; Therefore, both A and not-A.
Hasty Generaliztion: fallacy in which a general conclusion is drawn from premises that are not based on asufficient number of observations or from premises in which the sample is not representative
Concept: these arguments try to demonstrate that if the premises are true, then it is highly probable that the conclusion is true.
False Analogy Fallacy: fallacy in which the premises are based on two or more cases that contain more differences than similarities
False Cause Fallacy: is committed when we assume that simply because event X occurred before event Y, we may conclude that X caused Y.
In the link we have below you can watch the summary of fallacies and examples of them
Made by: Pilar Moreno