19th century America
All nations have a sense of national destiny and purpose.
"Manifest Destiny" is a phrase used by leaders and politicions in the 1840s to describe contintental expansion.
The spread of democratic ideals & institutions for people able to self-govern
Native Americans Non Europeans
Why the desire to expand?
For several different, social, political and economic pressures.
1. High birth rates and rapid population growth. 5 million in 1800 to 23 million by 1840. 2. Economic crises 3. Frontier land cheap and somtimes free. 4. New businesses, self advancement. 5. Land ownershihp = wealth = self suffiency & political power 6. Western ports for increased trade with countries in Pacific.
James K. Polk
Supported Manifest Destiny, rapid growth, and pursuit of territory, willing to go to war for it. He won election on this platform.
People who believed unclaimed territory will voluntarily join the U.S. in order to obtain benefits of republican rule.
Who opposed expansion?
VIRTUE of the American people and their institutions MISSION to spread them DESTINY under God
American Progress John Gast
Understanding the war against Mexico, and why Manifest Destiny was so inevitable for Americans, not just policians and leaders. European literature and ideas and intellectual history made its way to the U.S. Charles Dickens was really popular.
The idea of perfection as it relates to change and progress.
American Romanticism, pt. 2
The railroad became a metaphor for American ingenuity and development. Across the Continent Fannie Palmer
Rotary press, 1846. Lots of newspapers on a national level, not just regional.
Magnetic telegraph, 1844. Ability to send words over wires seemed even more miraculous than steam.
Manifest Destiny, from the perspective of the Mexicans and Native American