How are oil spills cleaned up?
How are oil spills important to you?
-The environment: marine, terrestrial, and migrating animals -The economy, our country, city, town, and our society and community
So how do oil reserves clean up?
There are 3 ways:
1. They leave mother nature to do the job done by natural forces; wind, sun & rain. Of course this will not happen so fast and is not sufficient and reliable because it only works depending on what kind of oil was spilled. In this case, mother nature can only do so much and so little to thick, heavy and polluting crude oil.
How about professional techniques?
2. How professionals clean up, like the Coast Guard or the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), often requires lots of budgeting, hard work and time management. An example is containing the spill with booms and collecting it from the water surface using expensive skimmer equipment.
Chemical dispersants are last minute resort methods where it is used for heavy and stubborn crude oil. The reason to it is because of how intoxicating it can be because of the chemicals its made out of. They're used only in appropriate locations where it cannot damage more marrine organisms. These chemicals break the slick into droplets of oil which makes it easier for the oil and water to mix and blend. Later it is then abosorbed into the aquatic system.
Last but not least are dispersants
How do you clean up an oil spill? (2004). Retrieved June 1, 2015, from http://www.ceoe.udel.edu/oilspill/cleanup.html Chow, D. (2010, April 5). How Are Oil Spills Cleaned? Retrieved June 1, 2015, from http://www.livescience.com/32524-how-are-oil-spills-cleaned.html Clark, J. (n.d.). How do you clean up an oil spill? Retrieved June 1, 2015, from http://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/green-science/cleaning-oil-spill.htm Spill Containment Methods | response.restoration.noaa.gov. (n.d.). Retrieved June 1, 2015, from http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/oil-and-chemical-spills/oil-spills/spill-containment-methods.html