What is HIV?
HIV is the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), that causes Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), and is also transmitted by blood and body fluids.
Stages of HIV...
The three stages of HIV infection are 1. Acute HIV infection 2. Chronic HIV infection 3. Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
How can HIV be transmitted?
HIV can only be transmitted from an infected person to another through direct contact of bodily fluids such as... - blood - semen - vaginal secretions - breast milk
HIV can also be transmitted by...
- Sexual contact - Injection Drug Use - Pregnancy, Childbirth, Breastfeeding - Occupational Exposure
How is it spread?
- Having sex with someone who has an HIV in general... - Having multiple sex partners or having sexually transmitted infections can increase the risk of HIV infection through sex - Sharing needles syringes, rinse water, or other equipment used o prepare injection drugs with someone who has
How many people have it?
In the USA? - 1.2 million Americans In the entire world? - 78 million people have been affected by HIV - 39 million people have died from HIV
Treatments of HIV...
The aim of antiretroviral treatment is to keep the amount of HIV in the body at a low level. This stops any weakening in the immune system and allows it to recover from any damage that HIV might have caused already. The drugs are often referred as: antiretroviral, ARVs, and anti-HIV or anti-aids drugs.