Franz Joseph Haydn(1732-1809)
Haydn is known as ‘the father of the string quartet’ because he was the first to compose four-part music for two violins, a viola and a cello on a regular basis.
Haydn and Mozart played string quartets together in Vienna in the 1780s
Renowned for his sense of humour, Haydn included many musical ‘jokes’ in his works. The Surprise Symphony includes a sudden loud chord in the middle of an extended quiet passage, the music continuing after the chord as if nothing unusual has happened.
Franz Joseph Haydn was affectionately called “Papa” Haydn by many people and for many reasons. The title originated from his care for his often mischievous orchestra musicians who frequently needed saving from trouble.