Laws and Policies that Affect Teaching
Brittany Knight Teach-Now 2015
Before the Civil Rights Act of 1964...
Schools and many other public places in America were segregated along racial lines
After the Civil Rights Act of 1964...
All public places within the jurisdiction of the interstate commerce clause were no longer allowed to discriminate on the grounds of:
In schools this non-discrimination clause affects:
Counseling and Guidance
Student Treatment and Services
This act ensured that all schools would be afforded equal access to public services
increased racial diversity of students
In theory schools now experience...
equal access to educational resources
equal pay among teachers
economic diversity in schools
Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965
Inacted shortly after the Civil Rights Act of 1964, this act supported President Johnson's "War on Poverty"
In an effort to close student acheivement gaps the ESEA of 1965 provided funding for:
Grants for states to improve elementary and secondary education.
Grants for districts serving low income students
Textbooks and Library Books
No Child Left Behind Act of 2002
The ESEA was renewed approximately every 5 years. It's most recent manifestation is the No Child Left Behind Act
students with disabilities
'major' racial and ethnic groups
NCLB increases the accountability of schools recieving government funding
NCLB requires teachers to be highly qualified and certified.
NCLB implements a school restructuring timeline to aid schools that do not make AYP
NCLB provides funding for parental involvement programs
NCLB analyzes performance of specific student subgroups that had been overlooked in the past:
Because of these federal laws schools SHOULD regularly experience
Full PTA Meetings
Well Stocked Classrooms
High Performing Test Takers
Highly Qualified Teachers
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