TYPES OF GROUPS
Groups may differs: 1. large members 2. small members 3.short lived 4. together for many years 5. highly organised 6.informally organised
1. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY GROUPS 2. FORMAL AND INFORMAL GROUPS 3.INGROUP AND OUTGROUP
TYPES OF GROUPS
PRIMARY: primary groups are pre-existing formations which are usually given to the individual. caste,religion are primary there is a face to face interactions primary groups have major role in devloping values and ideals of the individual primary group boundaries are less permeable.
which individual joins by choice . eg political party. the relationship among member are impersonal indirect. in this its easy to leave and join the another group.
FORMAL GROUP is based on some specific rules and members have definite roles.
university is an eg for formal group.
INFORMAL GROUP is not based on rules. there is close relationship among members.
Write your bulletpoint 1 here
INGROUP AND OUTGROUP
INGROUP refers to one own group. they use "WE" ingroup are generally supposed to be similar. members of out group seen differently .
out group refers to other group. for outgroup the word is use as "THEY". there are different from other groups. both in and out groups affect the social life. even art,music are involed in our life.
INFLUENCE OF GROUP ON INDI
suggests that presence of others motivate individuals to enhance their performance. SOCIAL LOAFING: reduction in individual effort when working on a group. individua;s work less hard in a group then they performing alone.
why social loafing occur?
1. group members feel less responsible and less effort on task. 2. motivation of members decreases. 3.there is improper coordination in group. SOCAIL LOAFING MAY BE REDUCED BY: 1. making the efforts of person identifiable. 2. increasing hard work in group 3. making the individual in that group are important 4. strengthing them with motivation.
Important decisions are mostly taken by groups not by alone. this is strengthing of the group initial position as a result of group interaction & discussion referred as GROUP POLARISATION. thy most likely take extrme decisions than person alone.