The Terracotta Army!
By Madeleine Quinn
What is the terracotta army?
The Terracotta Army is a part of a massive burial tomb built for Emperor Qin Shi Huang, the first emperor of China. There are over 8,000 life size statues of soldiers buried along with the emperor.
Why was it built?
Emperor Qin wanted to live forever.He spent much of his life and resources searching for immortily. He also spent many ofhis reasources building himself the largest single tomb built to a leader in the history of the world. He felt his huge army would protect him and help him keep his power in the after life. He died in 210BC over2000 years ago!
The soldiers of the Terracotta Army are life -size statues. They average around 5 feet 11 inches tall with some soldiers being as tall as 6 foot 7 inches. Despite there being so many statues, no two soldiers are exactly alike. There are soldiers of all ages with different ranks, facial features, and hair styles. Some of the soldiers look calm, while others look angry and ready to fight. The soldiers were even designed with different clothing and armor.
Book Name here
How did they build so many soldiers?
To build 8,000 life size statues must have taken a large army of workers. Archeologists estimate that over 700,000 craftsmen worked on the project for several years. The bodies of the soldiers were made in an assembly line fashion. There were moulds for the legs, arms, torsos, and heads. These pieces were then assembled together and custom features such as ears, mustaches, hair, and weapons were added later. There are between 8 and 10 different head shapes for the soldiers. The different head shapes represent people from different areas of China as well as different personalities of the soldiers. The heads were made from moulds and then customized and attached to the bodies.
The tomb is most famous for its large rows of soldiers, but there were plenty of other statues to accompany Emperor Qin in the afterlife. There were 150 life-size cavalry horses and 130 chariots with 520 horses buried with the army. In other areas of the tomb, figures of government officials and entertainers have been found.
When was the army discovered? The Terracotta Army was discovered by farmers digging a well in 1974, over 2,000 years after it was coveredover during the burial of Emperor Qin. More Intresting Facts: The army was located about a mile from the tomb of the emperor. The horses in the army are saddled. There are four main pits that house the army. They are around 21 feet deep.