In this Unit we will cover: The North and South in the 1800's
Unit 1 - The Economy
North: 1. Machines and factories were a big part of the economy 2. The machines were based off of textile mills from England 3. The new inventions and manufacturing made goods cheaper and more plentiful South: 1. The economy was based on agriculture 2. Plantation owners used slaves to grow large amounts of cash crops 3. Raising cotton wore out the soil so farmers moved their crops and slaves to the west
Connection: I think that one reason the North and South eventually began to fight against one another is because they had differences in the way they ran and maintaind their econonmy. In the North it was mainly factories and in the South there were farms and plantations that slaves worked on, growing and producing cash crops. Anothe reason is because each side had different ideals for the way money was to be earned. The South used slave labor and punishment to get their crops grown, but in the North people were working very hard using machines to create large amounts of products that could be sold for money. The reason they started to fight was because each side thought their way was good, so they fought about which method was better to use for a growing economy.
Unit 2 - The Society
North: 1. Most people weren't wealthy or powerful 2. Although African Americans were free they still weren't treated equally 3. Between 1845-1860 four million German and Irish immigrants came and caused the population to swell South: 1. The South was not affected by spirit of equality or oppurotunity 2. A small group of wealthy plantation owners were the leaders of the economy and politics 3. A small group of African Americans were free, but most were slaves
Connection: I think that both societies were similar, but the way they were overall led to arguments and fighting between the North and South. In both societies there were the whites and the blacks seperated from each other. Most people in the North were neither wealthy nor powerful which caused the cities to be run down and with no distinctive leader or leaders across that part of the country. They also had a growing population with new immigrants coming to the U.S. In the South they also had the races seperated and was run by a small groups of plantation owners who were very wealthy and ruled the cities economically and socially. They also had slaves do their farm work for them which was a contributor to the racial seperation. I think that both sides started to fight because they had different ideals and they thought that the othhr side was being run wrong or was doing something wrong with their citizens, so they started to get angrier and angrier as time went on causing one side to just start attaking the other because they were different from them.
The North and South had different views on the way they should run their economy, but they had similarities in the way their society was set out and dealt with.
By Matthew Heil Thanks for watching!