By Jonathan Rodriguez Per.8
What is Imperialism?
Imperialism is basicly a powerful nation ruling a weaker nation
Motives for Imperialism
Nations needed recources for industrialization
Missionaries wanted to spread their religion
Desire to own the most land between nations
The need for naval bases around world for fueling ships
Western Advantages for imperializing
European nations had advanced weapons like the Maxim machine gun and steam ships. Also they had powerful armies
The Berlin Conferance was a meeting in Berlin to discuss how to divide Africa between the European nations. It was called because the European nations didnt want to cause a war.
the Suez Canal was built by Britain to make a better route for ships to go toAsia, rather than going around Africa.
The sepoy Rebellion was arebellion of the sepoy,which were Indian native soldiers for Britain. It started becuase of a rumor that the oils in the cartridges came from pig and cow oil which offended them.
The result of this ebellion was Britain ruiling them directly rather than earlier when India was ruled indirectly by Britain. Also another result was Britain helped modernize and improve their infrastructure.
Balance of Trade
Balance of trade is the difference between the amount a nation imports and exports. if it gets a negitive score it trade deficit and if its positive its trade surplus.
Trade deficit is when a nation has a negative score in blance of trade. For example, if Britian inports $1 thousand worth of goods from China and exports $5 hundred worth of goods to China, then Britain has a trade deficit.
Trade surplus is when a nation has a positive score in blance of trade. For example, if the US imports $.5 million worth of goods from other countries and exports $1 million worth of goods to other countries, then the Us has a trade surplus.
The Opuim war began when Britian started selling opuim illegally to chinese. Opuim was illegal in China, so they tried teeling the British to stop but British didn't want to be told what to do so they attacked.
At the end Britian won because of their superior technology. Britain won extra trading ports open to them and also the island of Hong Kong.
Then taiping rebellion was a peasant rebellion in China that lasted 14 years and killed 20 million.
The Boxers were a group of Chinese men that trained in martial art to fight back the foreigners. This was responded by different European nations joining forces.
China Gets Divided
After the boxer rebellion, China gets divided by the Europeans. This was because China gets weak and divided Opium Wr Taiping Rebellion.