In the Southern Hemishphere from July to August, it is winter. In rare cases, countries like South Africa and Lesotho have snow.
In countries near the Sahara desert, from May to August, the temperatures are between 34°C and 49°C, and from December to February, temperatures stay around –10°C.
In Southern Africa, the wet season is from May to September, where the temperature is around 6°C in the morning, and 25°C in the afternoon. From October to April is the dry season, where temperatures are much higher at around 15°C in the morning and 40°C in the afternoon.
Due to global warming, the extremely rare glaciers in the Southeastern African countries of Kenya and Tanzania are slowly melting. The Furtwängler Glacier area in 1976 was determined to be 113,000 squared meters. Analysis of aerial photographs taken in 2000 indicates that the area decreased by half in 24 years, to 60,000 squared meters.
SHIFTS OF THE WATER CYCLE IN
Shifts in the water cycle happened over the past century due to a combination of natural variations and human forcings. From 1900 to 2002, droughts got worse in Sub-Saharan and southern Africa. Floods and droughts, are leading to large human and socio-economic losses and pollution. Short water supply and pollution are serious challenges to Africa which is a continent which has one of the highest population growth rates in the world.
THE CHANGE OVER TIME IN