Africa has experienced a significant loss of forests in the past two decades. The Congo Basin Rainforest is the world's second largest tropical forest and spans 700,000 square miles in 6 countries. The average deforestation rate was 1,200 square miles annually.
If all the polar ice caps melt in Antarctica and the Arctic due to Global Warming, Africa is one of the continents that will have the least loss of land. However, many of Africa’s business and economic hubs such as Cairo, Alexandria, Lagos, Cape Town, and much more, which sinks nearly all the important trade cities on the coast.
GLOBAL WARMING AND
INTERRELATION OF CLIMATE CHANGE AND WILD WEATHER
Wild weather is caused by climate change, and climate change occurs when global warming causes the pattern of the climate to change. In other words, climate change can lead to wild weather such as droughts in Africa. They are both linked together in a cycle and they both are related to weather.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN GLOBAL WARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE
Global Warming is a term used to describe the current increase of the Earth’s temperature. Climate change doesn’t only refer to temperature changes, but also the change in wind, precipitation, the length of seasons and frequency of extreme weathers. (Drought, flood, hurricanes, etc.)
ARGUMENTS OF MYTH AND SCIENCE
Myth: Climate has changed before.
Science: Climate reacts to whatever forces it to change at the time; humans are now the dominant forcing.
Myth: The Earth is cooling down.
Science: The last decade (2000-2009) was the hottest on record.
Myth: The sun is the cause.
Science: In the last 35 years of global warming, sun and climate have been going in opposite directions.