By: Alberto Cuara & Julio Cardona Period 2
What is Imperialism?
Imperialism is when a powerful country takes control of a weaker country by influencing their economy, society, or religion.
European motivations for imperialism were economical, political, and military. The Industrial Revolution encouraged imperialism because of the need for natural resources. Military action was used to take areas and gaining areas gave political power to the European nations.
Western European Advantages
Western advantages that helped to take over other areas across the world were strong economies, orginized governments, powerful militaries, more advanced technology, and better knowledge of medicine.
The Berlin Conference
The Berlin Conference took place in 1884-85, and in it would be decided how Africa would be divided between other nations. Otto von Bismarck and the German Chancellor called for representatives of Belgium, France, Spain, the United Kingdom, the United States (who didn't attend) and many other nations, but not from Africa.
The Suez Canal
The Suez Canal is a man made canal, in Egypt that was opened on November 1869 after 10 years of construction work. It was an important water route because it connects the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea, allowing travel from Europe and East Asia without having to go around Africa.
The Sepoy Rebellion
The Sepoy Rebellion was a rebellion against the British in India. The rebellion took place after Britain issued new laws that offended or contradicted the sepoy's religons. After the sepoy's were defeated and the rebellion was crushed, the british started ruling India directly, instead of doing it through the East India Company as they always had.
-Balance of trade: A country's balance of trade is the diference between how much a country gives and how much it takes when it trades with another country.
-Trade Surplus: When a country exports more than it imports when it trades with another country.
-Trade Deficit: When a country imports more than it exports when it trades with another country.
The Opium War
The Opium War was a war fought between the British and the Chinese from 1839 to 1842. It began because the British had been illegaly trading opium, a highly addictive drug, with China. After China had sent a letter warning Britain to stop the trade and the British had ignored it, the Chinese went to war. The British won the war and gained Honk Kong, as well as made China open five new ports for foreign trade.
The Taiping Rebellion
The Taiping Rebellion was a civil war in China that lasted from 1850 to 1864. The rebellion was against the rule of Manchu-led Qing Dynasty.The rebellion lasted 14 years and in that time 20 million people were killed. At the same time as the rebellion European nations pressured China. As a result European nations had more control over China by the end of the rebellion.
The Boxer Uprising
The Boxer Uprising was a retaliation by an anti-foreign, anti-Christian group in China. The uprising lasted three years. After the uprising China started supporting western nations in the idea of imperialism and forgot about it's old ways of thinking.