Imperialism By: Cristobal Lozano & Christopher Serrano Period 4
New Imperialism was a time period where there was colonial expansion by European nations. The most powerful European colonies, like the Americas and Japan began to expand by the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries.
Imperialism is when a nation takes over land outside its boundaries through political or military force.
Motivations for Imperialism
These are five motivations for imperialism.
Imperial governments wanted as much profit as they could have. The governments wanted to control more foreign trade, to create new markets to sell products in, to get raw materials, and to force cheap labor.
The nations believed that their values and beliefs were better and more important than the beliefs of other nations.
Nations had a desire to gain power, to grow their territories, to enforce military actions, and to boost nationalism.
The desire to spread Christianity, to protect European missionaries in other colonies, to spread values and moral beliefs from Europe, and to educate people from different cultures.
Exploratory motives were based on European nations wanting to investigate strange new lands, to research the new land, and to find things to research for medical purposes.
Advantages of the Western World
The western world had technical advantages in their weapons and navies. This helped the western nations conquer in sea and land. They also had scientific advantages that helped them in medicine.
The Berlin Conference
The Berlin Conference of 1884-85 regulated trade and the colonies in Africa by the Europeans during the time of New Imperialism. The biggest reason it was held in Berlin was because of Germany's sudden emerge in as an imperialistic world power. Portugal had come up with the idea of having a conference, and it was organized by Otto von Bismarck, first Chancellor of Germany. The conference took place in a time when colonizing by European nations was at a peak and it eliminated most of existing forms of African self-governance.
The Suez Canal is a canal that is about 100 miles long and connects the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. This shortened the trade distance from Europe to Asia.
The Sepoy Rebellion was a rebellion that was caused when the sepoys, British soldiers from India, became mad when they found out that pork and beef fat was used to grease gun cartridges. After the British won, the government took over India instead of having the East India company incharge of India.
Balance of trade:
The changes in profits made by exporting and importing goods in a certain amount of time.
When a nation exports more than what it imports and makes a huge profit.
When a nation imports more than it exports and lowers the nation's profit.
Opium War: The opium trade with China began when European nations began to have a trade deficit for trading to much gold and silver with China. Because of this Britain began trading opium, which it got from India. The high percentage of addicts caused social and economic problems for China. When China tried to fight the traders of opium, they were no match for the navy and weapons of Britain.
Taiping Rebellion: During the same time of the opium war there was a peasant rebellion going on called the Taiping Rebellion. This rebellion began to over throw the old dynasty and make a new one. This rebellion lasted about 14 years and killed 20 to 30 million people.
Boxer Uprising: The Righteous Harmonious Fists or "Boxers" were a non-government group, that wanted to kick out all foreign power from China. This caused the Boxer Rebellion. This rebellion caused the European and U.S. armies to unite to protect their citizens in China. These countries later divided China into different zones of control and trade. China would be in a civil war for decades to come.