John Paul Jones leads American raid on Whitehaven, England
At 11 p.m. on this day in 1778, Commander John Paul Jones leads a small detachment of two boats from his ship, the USS Ranger, to raid the shallow port at Whitehaven,
Jones was hoping to reach the port at midnight, when ebb tide would leave the shops at their most vulnerable.
Jones and his 30 volunteers had greater difficulty than anticipated rowing to the port, which was protected by two forts. They did not arrive until dawn. Jones' boat successfull
Jones set fire to the southern fort, which subsequently engulfed the entire town.
Commander Jones, one of the most daring and successful naval commanders of the American Revolution, was born in Scotland on July 6, 1747.
He was apprenticed to a merchant at the age of 13 and soon went to sea from Whitehaven, the very port he returned to attack on this day in 1778. In Virginia at the onset of the revolution, Jones
After the raid on Whitehaven, Jones continued to his home territory of Kirkcudbright Bay, where he intended to abduct the earl of Selkirk, then exchange him
ones sailed across the Irish Sea to Carrickfergus, where the Ranger captured the HMS Drake after delivering fatal wounds to the British ship's captain and lieutenant.
Jones went on to establish himself as one of the great naval commanders in history; he is remembered, along with John Barry, as a Father of the American Navy. He is buried in a crypt in the U.S. Naval Academy Chapel at Annapolis, Maryland, where a Marine honor guard stands at attention in his honor whenever the crypt is open to the public. Fact Check We strive for accuracy and fairness. But if you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! Previous Day April 22 Calendar Next Day This Week in History, Apr 22 - Apr 28
Apr 22, 1778 John Paul Jones leads American raid on Whitehaven, England Apr 23, 1778 John Paul Jones burns Whitehaven, England Apr 24, 1781 Phillips and Arnold launch attack on Petersburg, Virginia Apr 25, 1781 Cornwallis retreats from Guilford Courthouse Apr 26, 1711 David Hume is born Apr 27, 1773 Parliament passes the Tea Act Apr 28, 1776 Colonel McIntosh writes to Washington