Christopher Serrano Industrial Revolution Period 4
Eli Whitney, inventor of the cotton gin, would have gained a large sum of money if farmers did not copy the idea of the cotton gin and pass it off as their own. As Whitney described to his father, " One man and a horse will do more than fifty men with those old machines". Meaning it does work faster than the machines before.
Karl Marx wrote The Communist Mannifesto to try to spread the information and ideas about the communism movement to the people. Marx was later exiled to London , the place where he wrote the first volume of Das Kapital.
Alfred Nobel lost his younger brother after a deadly explosion killed him in 1864. Deeply depressed, Nobel went on to create a safer explosive, which was dymamite. Written in his will, he said, "To put aside the bulk of his estate to estabish the Nobel Prizes. And to be awarded annually without distinction of nationality."
Orville and Wilbur Wright were the first inventors to create a successful airplane. Although the plane only lasted about 12 seconds, it proved the people that the idea of the man flying was no longer just a dream, but a reality.
Alexander Bell was an inventor. Although he had invented other things, like the graphaphone and the twisted pair, he is most recognized as the inventor of the first telephone. He was barely 29 years old when he invented the phone and just a year later he created the Bell telephone company.
James Watt's improvements on the steam engine were proven vital during the Industrial Revolution. Before Watt's changes, the steam engine had wasted most of its energy on cooling and reheating the cylinder. Watt noticed this huge flaw and created a new design in were the steam engine had a separate condenser which solved the problem of wasting so much energy.
The steam engine was most likely the most important invention during the industrial revolution. But, during the early years of the revolution, the steam engine was not very successful, in where, you would be better off not using in. That was until 1712 rolled around because Thomas Newcomen attempted to improve it. But even with these new tweaks, it still had many problems, until James Watt took on the challenge in the early 1760's and finally completed it in 1785 and after many years, the steam engine was finally ready to become one of the most important creation known to the Industrial Revolution.
The Spinning Jenny was invented by James Hargreaves in 1764. The Spinning Jenny was the first improvment machine that was modeled after the spinning wheel. The Spinning Jenny was about eight times more effective than the spinning wheel because the Spinning Jenny had eight spindles, unlike the spinning wheel that only had one.
The telegraph was a huge advancement of communication during the Industrial Revolution because, before the telegraph, the people wrote letters that could take days or even weeks to arrive, and by then the information would most likely be irrelevent. But, with the telegraph, communication would be almost instant instead of taking up to weeks to arrive, and in some situations, fast communication is dire for the survive of people in danger.
The steam boat was first successfully created in 1787. Because of its creation, the speed of transportation of goods, products, and people greatly increased. The steam boat also made shipping goods safer in a way that it won't get hijacked. It also made human transportation more comfortable because before, you road stagecoaches which were slower and you had to bear the hot dust and all the bumping.
The enclosure movement was when wealthy farm owners bought land from small farmers. The enclosure movement was the cause of the Industrial Revolution in England because it increasing crop production and forcing farming families to go move into the city to get a job in a factories built by the money made by the spike of crop production.
During the Industrial Revolution urbanization played a huge part in the success of factories because the majority of the factories' work force was previous farm owners who's land was taken by wealthy farm owners by the enclosure movement. The farm owners then moved to the cities in hopes of getting a job in one of the many factories and so, the factories cheap work force is created.
The factory system eventually replaced the cottage system because the factory system was more efficent in the ways of mass production and the machines to be used at home were getting too big and too expensive. The factory system is where all machines and workers are gathered under one roof. And the cottage system is where you work at home at your own pace and time periods.