Pharmacological and non- pharmacological methods
Diet and Exercise
- Lots of fruit, veggies, wholegrain breads, cereals, beans and lentils -Limit salt & sugar intake - Balance food eaten with energy use
Why does this help?
People with diabetes need to manage their blood sugar which can increase rapidly after sugary meals and snacks. Malnutrition is common in CKD and can be managed with a healthy diet. Reduce the salt eaten. to manage high blood pressure.
Management through Medicine!
Tablets used to lower blood glucose: - Biguanides - Sulphonylureas - Thiazolidinediones - Meglitinides - Alpha Glucosidase Inhibitor - Combinations of two medicines
There may eventually be a need for insulin, as the body is not producing enough. Insulin must be injected, not taken as tablet It can come in different varieties, depending on how long it takes for the glucose to reach its lowest level Insulin can be administered using different devices
Managing Chronic Kidney Disease
Dialysis and Kidney Transplant in end stage, where kidneys are near to failure Dialysis emulates the role of the kidneys and "cleans" the blood. It can occur externally or internally
Address emotional and soical needs Stress, anxiety, concern Seek emotional and financial support Talk with friends, family and GP