By Greg Lopez
Imperialism occurs when a strong nation takes over a weaker nation or region and dominates its economic, political, and cultural life. The reason ecomical was the desire to make money and also to expand their trade. The political reasons were to rule over many territories and to have alot of pride. The western countries had advantages because they were more evolved by having power and they showed they had enough to fend off other countries.
The Berlin Conference also known as the Congo Conference was taken place in Africa in 1884 and 1885 among European nations to peacfully divide Africa among themselfs for colonization. This conference was led by the chancellor, Otto Van Bismark to help reduce the chances of a war.
The Suez canal is a sea-level waterway in Egypt that connects the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea. The Suez Canal opened in 1869 and is one of the planets busiest shipping lane. The canal is owned and maintained by the SCA which is the Suez Canal Authority.
They Sepoy Rebellion was a rebellion against the British colonizers in 1857. One of the reasons the Indians rebeled was because they had to bite pig fat to load gun powder and their religion, Hinduism didnt allow it. So after the British refused to use different rifles the Indians rebelled.
Balance of trade is when 2 countries trade among themselfves but equally when one doesn't give more than the other. So the imports and exports are the same.
Trade surplus is when a counrty is exporting more than importing which makes a country wealth increase.
Trade deficit is when a country imports more than they export. This causes a country to be in debt because they are waisting more money than what they make.
The Opium War was between Great Britain and China fighting over trade during 1839-1842 and 1856-1860. The British won because they had a beter trained military and a higher weapon technology. Of the war they got Hong Kong.
During this civil war it weakend china because it killed 20 to 30 million people and when Great Britian came they were weak and had less soldiers. It was taken place in southern china.
The Boxer Rebellion was a anti-foreign and a anti-christian movement. That took place in china after the Qing dynasty.