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para el examen de E.F.
1 EL CALENTAMIENTO = THE WARM UP WHAT IS A WARM-UP? A warm up is a series of exercises you do before physical activity. For example, before playing an intense sport you can run slowly to warm your muscles and your heart. Warm ups must prepare the muscles for the activity. There are very different warm ups, (high intensity, low intensity, for basketball, for tennis...) So, the warm-up volleyball players do is different from the one footballers do. Warm ups are specific to the sport or activity you practice. Benefits of the warm up: If you do a good warm up, you can get: 1) Protection against injuries 2) Better performance http://www.wideo.co/edit/9214571429379553328 And also: -You increase your body temperature.-Your joints move more efficiently -Oxygen in blood travels faster. -Muscles move faster and with more strength -Your muscles extend more and are more elastic -You react faster
PARTS OF A WARM-UP: 1. Movements of your joints. This is the first part, and it must have a low intensity. We move our arms in circles forwards and backwards, we draw circles with our hips... 2. A small run. This is to warm up your heart and lungs, and also the muscles. 3. Exercises similar to the sport you are going to play and or a game. In this part, you warm up the muscles you use in the sport or activity. This part must be progressive in intensity. It must start slow and increase the intensity. It must end at a intensity similar to the sport you are going to practise. 4. Stretching of the main muscles. This makes the muscles more flexible, prevents injuries and also helps the muscles to develop more power. 1.1 Basic Vocabulary Come here, please: You must go where the teacher is and form in a semi-circle. Silence, please: Do not speak Please, stay put: You must not make noise and you must not move. Be quiet: Do not shout or speak loud Pay attention: Look to your teacher an listen to what he says. To blow the whistle: The teacher makes a noise with the whistle so you pay attention.
VERBS OF MOVEMENT 1. They are very important to describe all the exercises we do in class: To stand: estar de pie (to stand up:levantarse) To sit: sentarse To lie: echarse To walk: caminar To run: correr To sprint: correr rápido To slow down: ir más despacio To hurry up: darse prisa To chase: perseguir
To follow: seguir To tilt: inclinar To turn: girar To bend: doblar To pass: pasar To receive: recibir To throw: lanzar To carry (or to transport): transportar To steal: robar (stealing tails game) To push: empujar To pull: tirar (de una cosa)