By: Karina Camarena Maritza Delgado period 2
Chapter 9 , section 1
1. Imperialism is a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.
What is Imperialism ?
A) What were the motivations for imperialism should also be included.
1. Economic- motives include the desire to make money, to expand and control foreign trade, to create new markets for products, to acquire raw materials and cheap labor, to complete for investments and resources, and to export industrial technology and transportation methods.
2) Political- motives were based on the desire to gain power, to compete with other european countries, to expand territory, to excersise military force, to gain prestige by winning colonies, and to boost national pride and security.
3) Religious- motives included the desire to spread christianity, to protect european missionaries in other lands, to spread european values and moral beliefs, to educate people of other cultures, and to end slave trade in africa.
4) Exploratory- motives were based on the desire to explore "unknown" or uncharted territory, to conduct scientific research, to conduct medical searches for the causes and treatment of diseases, to go on an adventure, and to investigate "unknown" lands and cultures.
2. social darwinism: The Europeans believed there was a sort of hierarchy of people. As a superior race, it was their duty to take over and advance the Primitive nations. Navy: The quickest way to travel and with such a large mobile navy they couldnt really be stopped.
Chapter 9, section 2
The Berlin conference of 1884-85 was a meeting between European nations to create rules on how to peacefully divide africa among them for colonization. The conference was convented by portugal but led by Otto Van Bismarck, chancellor of the united Germany. Though invited, the U.S declined to participate. The resulting agreement banned the slave trade .
Describe/ teach about the Berlin Conference
4. Explain what the Suez Canal is and why it is an important water route.
Suez Canal: is a ship canal in northeastern Egypt linking the Red sea with the Mediterranean sea. It is important because it connects two important seas, the Mediterranean sea and the Red sea. All the trade between Asia and Europe pass by the Suez Canal. it is also the shortest way to travel from east Europe or America, otherwise it would take 4 times of travel.
Chapter 9, section 4
5. What was the Sepoy Rebellion and what change in how Britain took over in India came from it ?
The Sepoy Rebellion was one of the most well-known uprising during the British colonization of India was a mutiny of the native troops known as "sepoys". British rule of India helped the country to modernize and improve its infrastructure. ( education system, roads, rail roads, and telegraphs) and brought a legal system that promoted justice for all Indians.
Chapter 9, section 5
6. Define the following words :
A) Balance of Trade B) trade Surplus C) Trade Deficit
a. Balance of trade: the difference in value between a countrys imports and exports.
b. Trade surplus: the amount by which the value of a countrys exports exceeds the cost of its imports.
c. Trade Deficit: the amount by which the cost of a countrys imports exceeds the value of its exports
7. Explain the following events and how they eventually led to China having other different countries having control of Chinese Trade.
A) Opium War B) Taiping Rebellion C) Boxer Uprising
A) Opium War: a war between Great Britain and China, a conflict over the Opium Trade amd ended in 1842.
B) Taiping Rebellion: a massive civil war in Southern China. At least 20 million people died. Qing Dynasty victory fall of the Taiping heavenly kingdom weekening of the Qing Dynasty.
C) Boxer Uprising: was a violent movement by the righteous harmony society in China, tried eradicate uprising foreign imperialism and christian missions.