Second Sino Japanese War
The Second Sino-Japanese War (July 7, 1937 – September 9, 1945), so named due to the First Sino-Japanese War of 1894–95,
The Second Sino-Japanese War refers to the war that began when Japan justified its invasion of China in 1931 with the Mukden Incident, with more numerous 'incidents' that grew into a full scale war from the Marco-Polo Bridge Incident where Japanese officers claimed being attacked by Chinese troops near the Chinese city Beijing.
The origin of the Second Sino-Japanese War can be traced to the First Sino-Japanese War of 1894–95, in whicchChina, then under the Qing Dynasty, was defeated by Japan and was forced to cede Formosa,(Japan claims the islands to have been uninhabited in 1895) .
The Republic of China was founded in 1912, following the Xinhai Revolution which overthrew the Qing Dynasty.