By Charli Lionnet 9I
Tourette syndrome is a neurological disorder characterised by involuntary tics and repetitive vocalisations. the cause is unknown, but theories include genetic factors, bacterial infection and neurochemical abnormalities. There is no cure.
What is TS
What are some syntoms?
The symptoms of Tourette syndrome can differ from person to person. A variety of tics, such as eye blinking, shrugging and facial grimace – milder forms of Tourette syndrome can be misdiagnosed, as it often occurs at the same time as ADHD, obsessive compulsive disorder and conduct disordersAt least one involuntary vocalisation such as grunting, sniffing or barking that is repeated over and over 'Attacks' of tics and vocalisations, either daily or regularly Other behavioural or learning difficulties, such as dyslexia or obsessive compulsive behaviour Waxing and waning of the symptoms over several weeks or months.
It commonly affects people between the ages of two and 21 years, with the majority of cases occurring in children aged four to 12 years. More boys than girls are affected. Research indicates that as many as one in 100 school children may be affected in Australia. This condition commonly appears first between the ages of two and 12 years. For some people with Tourette syndrome, there may be a lessening of symptoms in late adolescence. It is, however, a lifelong condition that is not degenerative.
Who is affected?
Treatment for Tourette syndrome depends on the severity of the condition. Most people with Tourette syndrome can manage their symptoms themselves, and tend to find a quiet isolated spot to 'vent' the irresistible tics and vocalisations they've been holding back throughout the day . Others require a variety of medications to help control the symptoms. Generally, the medications are introduced in small doses and slowly increased until the symptoms are managed. Different people need different ratios of medications.Side effects of the medications can include depression, weight gain and persistent tiredness.
Causes of TS
The exact cause of Tourette syndrome remains a mystery, but research is focusing on a number of possibilities Genetic factors – Tourette syndrome seems to be an inherited condition. A child of a person with Tourette syndrome has a 50 per cent chance of developing the condition themselves. Boys are three times more likely to inherit the condition than girls. Streptococcal infection – the streptococcus bacterium can cause a wide range of infections, ranging from mild to severe and life threatening . One theory proposes that a particular infection may be responsible for the neurological changes associated with Tourette syndrome. Neurochemical abnormalities – the chemicals of the brain (neurotransmitters) seem to be metabolised differently in people with Tourette syndrome, especially the mood regulators dopamine and serotonin. Other disorders – researchers are divided on whether or not Tourette syndrome is associated with other disorders ( such as ADHD and dyslexia) and obsessive compulsive behaviours. Such disorders often appear together with Tourette syndrome
Diagnosing Tourette syndrome primarily in volves observation of the person’s behaviour. Since tics and vocalisations are often vented in the privacy and safety of the home, the doctor may have some initial difficulty witnessing the symptoms in a professional setting like their office or clinic. Other tests, such as CT scans, are used to make sure the symptoms aren't caused by some other underlying disease.
https://pf.kizoa.com/i-Contact/hmenuc2.jsp?rmode=0&phpsession=&lang= en-us&country=AU&__utma=1.1675845250.1431345428.1431345428.1431376127.2&__utmb=1 .1.10.1431376127&__utmc=1&__utmx=-&__utmz=1.1431345428.1.1.utmcsr=google|utmccn=(organic) |utmcmd=organic|utmctr=(not%20provided)&__utmv=-&__utmk=171792288&domain=www.kizoa.com