Hello, my name is James Bond. Today we will be discussing the North and South regions of the U.S. in the mid 1800s.
Let's start dicussing the diffrences in geography between the North and the South
The South also produced most of the crops for the young nation, because of the fertile soil.
The South is very humid and remains hot throughout the entire year.
The North has very rocky terrain, it is beleived that a glacier caused this.
Also, the North had a great shipbuilding industry, this is due to all the excess of lumber.
The North's climate is usually chilly, but in the summer it can get into the 100s. Also, the North can get into the negatives in the Winter and sometimes in the Fall.
Some of the major geographic features of the South is the Appalachian mountains, Rockys, the swamps in Louisiana, the Texas plains, and the Mississippi river.
Moving on, we will talk about the industry in both the North and the South.
As I have mentioned before, The North had a great shipbuilding industry. Also, they were right by the Atlantic, so they had access to the great abundunce of cod, lobsters, and other seafoods.
Cotton was the dominating industry in the South. Probably, because of the pro-slave ideology as well as the fertile soil. Here are some other crops that they grew in the south: rice, tobacco, sugarcane, citrus fruits, and soybeans.
Now that we have finished talking about the geography and industry of the North and South, Let's talk about the transportation in the 1800s.
In the South the roads were poorly made and the railroads were short, local, and not linked. Waterways were needed, but canals were scarce.
In 1852 the first railroad was laid in Hilliard,Ohio. Often, big cities were linked together by post roads. In 1806, Congress funded a national road that stretched from Cumberland,Maryland to southern Illinoise. In 1825 the Eerie canal was opened which allowed food and other vital recorces to be transported accross the nation.
Finally, we will talk about the society in the North and in the South.
In the South, most of the population was enslaved. Most people lived on farms. Public schools also increased in the South.
In the North, the black population was mostly free. In states like Massachusetts, New York, and Ohio the black popualtion was 100% free.
Now that we have finished discussing, you deserve a lunch break. :)