Rome had achieved a balanced goverment. They had the best features of a monarchy, an aristocracy, and a democracy.
Two Consuls Like kings, they commanded the army and directed the goverment
The Senate The aristocratic branch of Rome's Goverment. It was made up of 300 members of the upper class of Rome's society
The Assemblies The democratic side of the goverment.
Rome's military was very important. It was divided in legions made with 5,000 armed foot soldiers and soldiers in horseback. Legions were divided in smaller grops of 80 men, called centuries. Rome focused its power on military, they conquered Italy for more than two centuries.
Rome and Carthage fought three wars that were known as the Punic Wars:
The first war was for control of Scicily and the western Mediterranean
The second war began in 218 B.C. In wich the mastermind behind was Hannibal.
In the third war, Rome laid seige to Carthage.